The Parables in the Qur’ān and the Bible: A Comparative study

  • Hafiz Umair Gulzar Lecturer FAST NUCES, Lahore
  • Ahmad Fuzail Ibn Saed Lecturer, Virtual University of Pakistan
Keywords: Parables, the Qur’an, The Bible, Monotheism, Polytheism, Commonalities, Differences


Allah the Almighty is the Lord of the whole Universe. Human beings are His superior creation; He loves them more than anyone. He has sent around 124000 Prophets for the edification of the mankind. The Apostles of Allah were the most superior and esteemed people on the Earth. They were the wisest, knowledgeable and intellectual personalities of their times. The Apostles of Allah were directly guided by Him. The basic aim or preaching of the Prophets was the enlightenment of human beings. They teach them the best manner to live their life. They have adopted different methods for this purpose. Teaching through the parables is also one of these methods. All the Prophets have adopted this method in their times. The parables have been extensively used in the Qur’ān and the Bible. In this article a comparative analysis of these parables from different perspectives will be discussed.


Abū Zuhra, Muhammad b. Aḥmad b. Musṭafā, al-The Qur’ān al-Mu‘jiza al-Kubrā, Dār al-Fikar al-‘Arbī, Cairo, 1977, p. 187.
S. Terry, Milton, Biblical Hermeneutics, N.Y Eaton and Mains, 1890, p. 189.
Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn, ‘Abd al-Raḥmān, al-Itiqān fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Dār al-Fikr, Lebanon, 1996, vol. 4, p. 343.
The Qur’ān 2:17-20.
Suyūṭī, al-Itiqān fī ‘Ulūm al- The Qur’ān, vol. 4, p. 343.
J Hultgren, Arnald, Parables of Jesus A commentary, William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2000. p. 3.
The Bible, Luke 10:30-37
J Hultgren, Parables of Jesus A commentary, p. 4.
Ibid, p. 6.
The Qur’ān 29:43
The Qur’ān 39:27
Bayhaqī, Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn, Shu‘ab al- Ῑmān, Book, Fi Qir’āt al- The Qur’ān bi Tafkhīm wa al-I‘rāb, h. # 2293.
Ḥākim, Muhammad b. ‘Abd Allāh, al-Mustadrak ‘Ala Ṣaḥīḥyn, Book, Faḍā’l al-Qur’ān, Chapter, Akhbār fī al-Fa ḍā’l al-Qur’ān, h. # 2031.
al-Qatān, Manā b. Khalil, Mubahith fil ‘Ulūm al-The Qur’ān, p. 290.
Imam Hāfiz Abū ‘Ῑsā Muhammad Ibn ‘Ῑsā al-Tirmidhī, Jāmi‘ al-Tirmidhī, Translated by Abu Khalīl, Maktaba Dār-us-Salām, 2007, vol. 5, pp. 200-214.
Ibn Kathir, Abū al-Fidā’ Ismā‘īÏl b. ‘Umar. Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, Beruit: Dar al-Fikr, VOL. 4, p. 278
Suyūṭī, , al-Itiqān fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, vol. 4, p. 343
The Bible, Matthew 13:10-16, Mark 4:10-12, Luke 8:9-10
The Bible, Matthew 13:35
Taylor, Gene, A study of the Parable of Jesus, p. 1
Online link: Accessed 10-07-2019.
The Qur’ān 29:43.
Ibn al-Qayyim, Paragons of the Qur’ān, (tr. Ayman Ibn Khalid), (Birmingham: Dar al-Sunna, 2012), p. 19.
The Qur’ān, 50:37.
The Qur’ān 13:17
Ibn al-Qayyim, Paragons of the Qur’ān, p. 24.
Bukhārī, Muhmmad b. Ismāīl, Jāmi‘, al- Ṣaḥīḥ, Book, The Book of Faith, vol. 1 hadith # 52.
The Bible, S. Mathew: 3-9; 18-23.
The Bible, S. Matthew, 3-9; 18-23.
Richey, Thomas, The Parables of Our Lord According to s. Matthew Arranged, compared, and Illustrated, E & J. B Young, New York, 1888, p. 19.
The Qur’ān, 6:132.
The Qur’ān, 6:160.
How to Cite
Hafiz Umair Gulzar, & Ahmad Fuzail Ibn Saed. (2023). The Parables in the Qur’ān and the Bible: A Comparative study. Jihat Ul Islam, 16(2), 76-85.